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5 Medical Abortion Facts That You Need To Know

Key Points!

  • For a successful abortion procedure, mifepristone (Mifeprex) and misoprostol (Cytotec) must be used together.
  • Abortion pills are very effective when taken correctly, and have a success rate of more than 90%.
  • They can be taken up to 12 weeks into a pregnancy and have a low risk of causing complications.
  • First Seek medical advice before embarking on a medical abortion pill procedure.

Overview

A medical abortion also known as medication abortion refers to a procedure that utilizes 2 specific medications, Mifepristone and Misoprostol commonly known as “Abortion Pills” with the aim of terminating a pregnancy.

This process typically involves two types of tablets. The first is Mifepristone, which inhibits the female hormone progesterone essential for pregnancy growth. The second is Misoprostol, which induces contractions in the uterus to expel its contents.

is the first tablet that is taken orally with water and is meant to block the action of progesterone, the female hormone needed to maintain a pregnancy.

When progesterone is blocked, the pregnancy can not continue. 

24 hours later, you will have to swallow the misoprostol or you might be required to  self-administer the misoprostol tablets vaginally at home as instructed by the nurse. 

Misoprostol is meant to weaken the lining of the uterus and after a few hours the pregnancy will be expelled hence causing a miscarriage also know as an induced abortion. 

How does a medical abortion work?

It is essential to know that there are two different methods of administering the abortion tablets. The preferred strategy is by taking both mifepristone and misoprostol. The combination of both abortion pills has shown to be highly effective and safe, with a success rate of over 95%.

However, there is also an alternative method which is taking only misoprostol abortion pill if . It should be noted that this method is not as successful as the combination method but it can be considered in situations where mifepristone is not available or contraindicated.

As earlier on explained that two abortion tablets will have to used during the abortion process, the two tablets will have to be taken in two consecutive days. 

Mifepristone Alone

  • Misoprostol alone may not be effective as well as the combination of misoprostol and mifepristone.
  • Dissolve 4 Misoprostol tablets under your tongue and let them dissolve for 30 minutes.
  • Swallow any remaining pieces in your mouth using water.
  • Wait for 3 hours and take 4 more Misoprostol tablets with water.
  • If you’re more than nine weeks pregnant, you’ll need to swallow another 4 tablets after 4 hours incase you havent started bleeding.

Mifepristone & Misoprostol

  • A combination of Misoprostol and Mifepristone is 97% effective in terminating unwanted pregnancies.
  • Swallow 1 mifepristone tablet and then have to wait for a period of  24 to 48 hours.
  • After 24 hours, dissolve 4 misoprostol tablets under the tongue and as they melt swallow everything in your mouth. you may use some water to rinse and swallow.
  • During this time, you shouldn’t eat or drink anything in order to ensure that the medication is properly digested.
  • You might be required to swallow another extra 4 misoprostol pills after three hours  if you’re more than nine weeks pregnant and haven’t started bleeding three hours after taking the pills, you’ll need to repeat the second step.

Day 3 - Cleaning tablets

After the termination is successful, the next day you will be required to take the antibiotics that you were provided in order to avoid infections.   

What to expect

side effects of medical abortion

5 Latest Medical Abortion Facts

While personal preferences and circumstances may vary, it is important for individuals to have access to all options for safe and legal terminations of pregnancy, so that they can make the decision that is best for them. Medical abortions are
a commonly reported preference among a significant number of women that they would choose a medical termination of pregnancy over a surgical abortions for a variety of factors.

  1. For most women it feels more natural ike going through a miscarriage.
  2. The perceived ease and convenience of a abortion pills easily accessible  near them  procedure, which involves taking medication to induce a miscarriage at home, may be an important consideration.
  3. Provides confidentiality and convivence because medication can be obtained via Tele-health without visiting an abortion pill clinic.   
  4. Others may feel more in control of the process, as they are able to manage the timing and environment of the termination themselves.
  5. some women may find the prospect of surgery and anesthesia to be intimidating or even traumatic.

Medical abortion isn't an option if you:

Medication abortions provide women with an alternative way to end an unwanted pregnancy. However, it is important to note that this method may not be appropriate for everyone.

  1. Are too far along in your pregnancy. You shouldn’t attempt a medical abortion if you’ve been pregnant for more than nine weeks (after the start of your last period). Some types of medical abortion aren’t done after seven weeks of pregnancy.
  2. Have an intrauterine device (IUD) currently in place.
  3. Have a suspected pregnancy outside of the uterus. This is called ectopic pregnancy.
  4. Have certain medical conditions. These include bleeding disorders; certain heart or blood vessel diseases; severe liver, kidney or lung disease; or an uncontrolled seizure disorder.
  5. Take a blood thinner or certain steroid medicines.
  6. Can’t make follow-up visits to your provider or don’t have access to emergency care.
  7. Have an allergy to the medicine used.

What Really Happens to Your Body After an Abortion: Understanding the Hormonal Changes

After an abortion, the physical and emotional changes that a woman goes through are often misunderstood. Despite this, there is a lack of scientific research on the biological impact of abortion. However, there are four ways in which a woman’s body is impacted by abortion.

First, the hormonal system is shocked due to the sudden loss of pregnancy. The body is no longer receiving the signals to keep up the pregnancy, and this sudden shift can lead to a range of physical and emotional side effects.

Second, many women continue to test positive for pregnancy for several weeks after an abortion, due to the remaining pregnancy hormone in their system. This can be both confusing and frustrating, adding to the already complicated emotional toll of the procedure.

Third, some women experience postpartum depression after an abortion, which can be debilitating and difficult to manage.

Finally, women who have had an abortion may feel “empty” in the weeks following the procedure. This is likely due to the hormone Oxytocin streaming through a mother’s body during pregnancy. Oxytocin levels remain strong for several weeks after an abortion, making memories vivid and long-lasting.

This can be particularly difficult for women who have made the difficult decision to terminate a pregnancy, as the sense of loss and emptiness can be intense. Additionally, there are other physical effects of abortion, such as lactation, cramps, abdominal pain, spotting, nausea, and breast pain, which can exacerbate these emotions.

It’s important to note that there is no one “correct” way to feel after an abortion, and each woman’s experience is unique. However, by understanding the hormonal changes that occur after an abortion, it may be possible to find ways to manage the physical and emotional side effects of the procedure and begin the process of recovery.

How to prepare for an abortion procedure

Making an informed decision about abortion is extremely important. If you have decided to move forward with the abortion process, incase they interested in terminating an early pregnancy, they may use the Tele-medicine option to consult online and if they qualify for the abortion pill process, then the medication can be delivered to them. 

it is important to do some preparation beforehand. You should start by talking to your healthcare provider about the different types of abortion procedures available, as well as the risks and benefits associated with each one. This will help you make a more informed decision about which procedure is best for you.

It is also important to consider the cost of the procedure, any medical abortion process medications, and any follow-up care you may need.

Several abortion options may vary 

be less expensive than later procedures, so researching different types of abortion and associated costs ahead of time can help you plan accordingly.

It is also important to make sure you have a support system in place before, during, and after the procedure. Talk to your friends and family members who may be able to provide emotional or practical support throughout the pregnancy termination medicine process.

Finally, take some time to consider your decision and make sure you are comfortable with it. Abortion is a difficult decision, but ultimately it is your choice. Taking the time to make an informed decision and putting a support system in place before the procedure can help ensure that the abortion process is easier.

What to expect after an abortion is done

The abortion process itself is quick and relatively painless, with many individuals describing the experience as similar to menstrual cramps. However, it’s important to note that individuals may experience severe cramping for up to one or two days afterward, and bleeding may last for up to two weeks.

Additionally, pregnancy symptoms usually subside within a day or two following the procedure.

It is also important to note that all individuals who undergo dilation and evacuation (D&E) should be given prophylactic antibiotics. Finally, it is worth mentioning that the cost of an abortion can vary depending on the type of procedure and the clinic or hospital you visit. Make sure to check with your doctor or clinic before beginning the process in order to make sure you know exactly how much it will cost.

It is also important to know that healing after abortion healing isn’t a linear process; it’s ok to go back and forth between feeling relieved, regretful and other emotions.

Recovery

No woman

s://www.msichoices.org.uk/abortion/abortion-aftercare/medical-abortion-recovery/

ps://www.msichoices.org.uk/abortion/medical-abortion/

 

Frequently Asked Questions

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